Ministeria vibrans

Ministeria vibrans' flagella

Ministeria vibrans’ flagella

ministeria-vibrans-3_14474052808_oThe amoeboid protist Ministeria vibrans occupies a key position to understand animal origins. It is a member of the Filasterea, that is the sister-group to Choanoflagellatea and Metazoa (Torruella et al.2012 and 2015). Two Ministeria amoebae species have been reported so far (Tong, 1997), both of them from coastal marine water samples: M. vibrans and M. marisola (Patterson et al. 1993). However, there is currently only one culture available, that of Ministeria vibrans.

M. vibrans is a bacterivorous amoeba with filopodia that was originally described to be suspended by a flagellum-like stalk attached to the substrate. Molecular and experimental work later on demonstrated the stalk is indeed a flagellar apparatus (Torruella et al. 2015).

The life cycle of Ministeria remains unknown. Its genome is now being obtained by our lab.



-Torruella, G., Derelle, R., Paps, J., Lang, B. F., Roger, A. J., Shalchian-Tabrizi, K., & Ruiz-Trillo, I. (2012). Phylogenetic relationships within the Opisthokonta based on phylogenomic analyses of conserved single-copy protein domains. Mol Biol Evol, 29(2), 531–544.
-Torruella, G., de Mendoza, A., Grau-Bové, X., Antó, M., Chaplin, M. A., del Campo, J., et al. (2015). Phylogenomics Reveals Convergent Evolution of Lifestyles in Close Relatives of Animals and Fungi. Current Biology : CB, 25(18), 2404–2410.
-Tong SM (1997) Heterotrophic flagellates and other protists from Southampton Water, UK. Ophelia 47(2): 71–131
-Patterson D, Nygaard K, Steinberg G, Turley C. 1993. Heterotrophic flagellates and other protists associated with oceanic detritus throughout the water column in the mid North Atlantic. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K. 73 67–95.