adidas yeezy 350 boost v2 solar red steel grey release date adidas yeezy 350 boost v2 release date adidas yeezy boost retailers availability 2016 yeezy boost 350 pirate black release details everything you need to know about the adidas yeezy boost 350 moonrock release adidas yeezy boost 350 pirate black ii yeezy boost 350 grey brand new in box adidas yeezy 350 boost black adidas yeezy yeezy boost complete release info greyorange yeezy boost 350 v2 adidas yeezy 350 boost low adidas yeezy 350 boost adidas yeezy 350 boost black release date yeezy boost 350 oxford tan links is the adidas yeezy boost 350 turtle dove releasing again adidas yeezy 350 boost yeezy kanye west yeezy boost adidas yeezy boost 350 pirate black restock details
adidas eqt adv support primeknit black white adidas eqt adv support primeknit adidas eqt adv support primeknit adidas eqt support adv camo pack adidas eqt support adv camo pack adidas eqt support adv camo pack adidas eqt support adv green camo adidas eqt support adv camo pack first look adidas eqt support adv shadow available now adidas eqt support adv shadow adidas eqt support adv shadow adidas eqt support adv shadow adidas eqt support adv primeknit black white adidas eqt support 93 winter wool release date adidas eqt support 93 winter wool release date adidas eqt running support 93 winter wool adidas eqt support 93 boost winter 2016 releases adidas eqt adv 91 16 art basel adidas eqt support adv art basel miami adidas eqt adv 91 16 art basel

Pirum gemmata

Pirum gemmata

Pirum gemmata is a unicellular eukaryote that was isolated from the gut contents of a marine invertebrate, specifically the detritivorous peanut worm Phascolosoma agassizii (Marshall &Berbee 2011). P. gemmata is a member of the Ichthyosporea clade, within the Teretosporea, which is the earliest branching holozoan lineage (Glocking et al. 2013) (Torruella et al. 2015).

P. gemmata’s cultures grow with the development of a mature syncytial stage that undergoes sporogenesis and eventually releases endospores through one or more openings in the parent cell wall. Mature cells are multinucleated, with a cell wall, and can measure up to 200 μm (Marshall &Berbee 2011). Endospores are amoeboid and some have pseudopod-like cell extensions.

P. gemmata can easily be cultured axenically in marine broth medium. Given its phylogenetic position as a close unicellular relative of animals, P. gemmata could potentially provide important insights into the origin of multicellular animals.

 

References:

-Glockling SL, Marshall WL, Gleason FH. (2013). Phylogenetic interpretations and ecological potentials of the Mesomycetozoea (Ichthyosporea). Fungal Ecology, vol.6, 4, 2013,pp 237-247.

-Marshall, Wyth L., David J.; Berbee, Mary L. (2011) “Facing Unknowns: Living Cultures (Pirum gemmata gen. nov., sp. nov., and Abeoforma whisleri, gen. nov., sp. nov.) from Invertebrate Digestive Tracts Represent an Undescribed Clade within the Unicellular Opisthokont Lineage Ichthyosporea (Mesomycetozoea)”.  Protist, Vol. 162.

-Torruella, G., de Mendoza, A., Grau-Bové, X., Antó, M., Chaplin, M. A., del Campo, J., Eme, L., Pérez-Cordón, G., Whipps, C., Nichols, K. M., Paley, R., Roger, A. J., Sitjà-Bobadilla, A., Donachie, S., and Ruiz-Trillo, I. (2015). Phylogenomics reveals convergent evolution of lifestyles in close relatives of animals and fungi. Current Biology 25(18):2404-10.

 

adidas yeezy 350 boost v2 red stripe adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 red adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 black red adidas yeezy 350 boost v2 red stripe adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 black red release date yeezy boost 350 v2 black red by9612 adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 black olive release date adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 blackwhite releases tomorrow adidas yeezy 350 boost v2 release date info adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 black olive adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 black green release date adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 black green release date adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 by9611 adidas confirms months yeezy boost 350 v2 releases adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 black copper release date yeezy boost 350 v2 red copper green yeezy boost 350 v2 black copper by1605 adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 copper release date adidas yeezy boost 350 v2 belugasolar red another look